According to the 2000 national census, Maryland ranked 19th among the states in population. The state’s population totaled 5,296,486, representing an increase of 10.8 percent over the 1990 census population of 4,781,468. Maryland residents living in urban areas accounted for 86 percent of the state’s total population in 2000. The average population density for the state in 2006 was 222 persons per sq km (575 per sq mi).
Whites constitute 64 percent of the population, blacks 27.9 percent, Asians 4 percent, Native Americans 0.3 percent, and those of mixed heritage or not reporting race 3.8 percent. Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders number 2,303. Hispanics, who may be of any race, are 4.3 percent of the population.
Baltimore is by far the largest city, with a 2005 population of 635,815. One of the principal seaports and industrial centers on the Eastern Seaboard, Baltimore also ranks as the chief transportation, commercial, financial, and cultural center of Maryland. Baltimore is part of the vast urbanized area stretching from Washington, D.C., to Boston, Massachusetts, that is sometimes called a megalopolis. The Baltimore metropolitan area comprises the city of Baltimore and Anne Arundel, Baltimore, Carroll, Harford, Howard, and Queen Anne’s counties. Within the Baltimore metropolitan area are numerous residential and industrial suburbs of the central city. The largest of these is Dundalk, an unincorporated community of 65,800 inhabitants in Baltimore County that ranked as one of the state’s largest communities. Other large unincorporated communities in the Baltimore metropolitan area include Catonsville and Essex.
Columbia, in Howard County, is one of the nation’s first completely planned cities. In the Maryland section of the metropolitan area of Washington, D.C. are Silver Spring, Bethesda, and Wheaton, which are unincorporated residential communities.
Rockville, a center for computer and aerospace research and government offices spreading from nearby Washington, D.C., had a 2005 population of 57,402. Frederick, with a population of 57,907, is primarily a trade and food-processing center in the western part of the Piedmont. Hagerstown is the largest city in western Maryland. In 2005 it had a population of 38,326. Situated in Hagerstown Valley, it serves as an industrial, trade, and transportation center. Cumberland, with a population of 20,915, is the principal commercial, industrial, and transportation center in the westernmost part of the state.
Annapolis has served as the state capital of Maryland since 1694 and is one of the oldest settlements in Maryland. It had a population of 36,300 in 2005. "Maryland" © Emmanuel BUCHOT, Encarta, Wikipedia
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