The transportation industry is of major economic importance to the state. The fact that New York City lies mostly on islands has created the need for many transwater connections, including numerous bridges and tunnels to connect the various boroughs with one another and with New Jersey. Some interstate bridges link New Jersey with Staten Island. Tunnels under the lower Hudson River and the George Washington Bridge across it are also interstate facilities. Ontario, Canada, is linked with New York State by a number of bridges across the Niagara River and by highway bridges across the St. Lawrence River.
The railroads of New York were long its economic lifelines. Today, the railroads play an especially important role in transporting commuters between New York City and neighboring suburban areas. New York City is honeycombed underground with an extensive subway system. Kennedy International Airport and La Guardia Airport, both on Long Island, are the busiest airports in the state.
The Hudson River is an important traffic artery between Albany and New York City. A channel is maintained by the United States Corps of Engineers as far north as Waterford, north of the mouth of the Mohawk River. The New York State Canal System joins the Hudson at Albany. This canal was completed in 1918 to replace the historic Erie Canal.
The amount of freight transported on the canal system declined dramatically during the second half of the 20th century. Today the canal system has been redeveloped for recreational use and as a historical attraction.
The state gained a northern “coast” as a result of the construction of the St. Lawrence Seaway. The seaway was built along the St. Lawrence River in order to provide a channel for oceangoing vessels. The city of Buffalo lost most of its port functions after the seaway opened in 1959. The port of New York City remains one of the world’s largest and best natural harbors. "New York" © Emmanuel BUCHOT, Encarta, Wikipedia
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