Public elementary schools in New Jersey date from 1817, but not until 1871 did public schools become free to all children. New Jersey’s first public high school opened in Newark in 1838. Public schools are supervised by a commissioner of education, appointed by the governor, and a state board of education. Education is compulsory from ages 6 to 16. Of New Jersey’s children, 16 percent attend private schools.
In the 2004–2005 school year New Jersey spent $15,618 on each student’s education, compared to a national average of $9,910.
There were 12.4 students for every teacher, giving the state one of the smallest average class sizes of any state in the country (the national average was 15.5 students). Of those older than 25 years of age in 2007, 87 percent had a high school diploma, whereas the national norm stood at 84.5 percent.
New Jersey is the home of Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, whose main campus is in New Brunswick. Rutgers was founded as Queen’s College in 1766. The New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station is nearby. The university also has campuses in Camden and Newark. Princeton University, one of the oldest universities in the United States, was founded as the College of New Jersey by the Presbyterian Church in Elizabeth in 1746.
It houses the renowned Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs. Also located in Princeton is the Institute for Advanced Study, where Albert Einstein lived and worked during his last years.
In 2006–2007 New Jersey had 33 public and 26 private institutions of higher education. Among the notable schools were Princeton Theological Seminary, in Princeton; Fairleigh Dickinson University, in Madison and Teaneck; Stevens Institute of Technology, in Hoboken; Rider University, in Lawrenceville; Seton Hall University, in South Orange; Bloomfield College, in Bloomfield; Drew University, in Madison; Kean University, in Union; Rowan University, in Glassboro; and William Paterson University of New Jersey, in Wayne.
Numerous specialized schools in the state include New Brunswick Theological Seminary and the Westminster Choir College of Rider University, a music school in Princeton. New Jersey also has several fine private college preparatory and parochial schools. "New Jersey" © Emmanuel BUCHOT, Encarta, Wikipedia
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