During the early part of the 19th century, missionaries from a number of different Christian denominations were sent to Kansas to convert Native Americans to Christianity and to educate them. In 1824 Presbyterians and members of associated denominations established the first mission, among Native Americans living in what is now Neosho County. Shawnee Methodist Mission, near Kansas City, was founded in 1830. It later became a manual training school for Native American children. Other missions were opened in the 1830s by Baptists, Quakers, and Roman Catholics.
Plymouth Congregational Church, the first church established after the Kansas Territory was opened to white settlement, was organized in Lawrence in 1854. During the 1850s, when proslavery and antislavery factions vied for control of the Kansas Territory, many church-sponsored antislavery groups from the North ventured to Kansas. Chief among the abolitionist societies was the Beecher Bible and Rifle Colony, which founded a settlement in Wabaunsee County. In the 1870s a number of Mennonites migrated to the state from southern Russia.
The largest religious groups in Kansas are the Roman Catholics and Methodists. Each has about an equal number of adherents. "Kansas" © Emmanuel BUCHOT, Encarta, Wikipedia
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