Buenos Aires is Argentina’s capital and largest city. In 2005 the population of the City of Buenos Aires was 3,018,102; in 2007 the urbanized area surrounding and including the city held an estimated 12.8 million people. Other important cities include Córdoba (population, 2001, 1,368,109); San Justo (1,253,921), a suburb of Buenos Aires; the river port of Rosario (908,163); La Plata (520,647), capital of Buenos Aires Province and part of the Greater Buenos Aires metropolitan area; Mar del Plata (519,707), a resort city on the Atlantic coast; San Miguel de Tucumán (527,150), a diversified manufacturing center; Salta (462,051), famous for its colonial architecture; and Mendoza (110,993), hub of an important agricultural and wine-growing region.
Spanish is the official language of Argentina and is spoken by the overwhelming majority of the people. Lunfardo, a local dialect mixing Italian and Spanish, is widely spoken in Buenos Aires. Italian, English, Korean, Yiddish, and a number of indigenous languages are also spoken.
Roman Catholics make up 91 percent of the Argentine population. Judaism, Protestantism, and a number of other Christian and non-Christian religions are practiced. Although the constitution guarantees freedom of worship, the Roman Catholic Church has long enjoyed a privileged position similar to that of an established church. The 1994 constitution repealed the requirement that the president and vice president of Argentina must be Roman Catholic. However, the reform maintained the clause mandating that the “federal government shall uphold the Roman Catholic Apostolic faith.” "Argentina" © Emmanuel BUCHOT, Encarta, Wikipedia
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