The population of Maine in 2000 was 1,274,923, according to the national census, ranking it 40th among the states. The population grew during the 1990s by 3.8 percent. Only 40 percent of Maine’s people live in areas classified as urban, making Maine the third most rural state in the nation, behind Vermont and West Virginia. The average population density in 2006 was 17 persons per sq km (43 per sq mi). However, the density in about one-half the state is about 1 person per 3 sq km (1 per sq mi). More than one-half the population lives in the southwest corner of the state.
Whites comprise the vast majority of Maine’s residents, representing 96.9 percent of the people in 2000. Another 0.7 percent are Asians, 0.6 percent are Native Americans, 0.5 percent are blacks, and 1.2 percent are of mixed heritage or did not report race. Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders numbered 382. Hispanics, who may be of any race, represent 0.7 percent of the people. Native Americans in present-day Maine belong to either the Passamaquoddy or Penobscot tribe. The Penobscot reservation is on Indian Island, in the Penobscot River near Old Town, and the two Passamaquoddy reservations are in Washington County.
Portland, with a 2005 population of 63,889, is Maine’s largest city, as well as its chief seaport and transportation, trading, and banking center. The Portland metropolitan region (population 513,667; 2006) includes South Portland, Westbrook, Cape Elizabeth, and Falmouth. Lewiston, with a population of 36,050, is Maine’s second largest city.
Together with Auburn, which had 23,602 residents, it makes up the Lewiston-Auburn metropolitan area (population 107,552; 2006). Other important cities in Maine are Bangor, with a population of 31,074, and Augusta, the state capital, with a population of 18,626.
The largest single religious group in Maine is the Roman Catholic church, with a membership of about one-third of all churchgoers. Major Protestant denominations include the Baptists and the Methodists. "Maine" © Emmanuel BUCHOT, Encarta, Wikipedia
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