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Vegetation of Connecticut


Housatonic river Connecticut
Housatonic river Connecticut

Forests cover much of the state’s total land area. Forests and woodlands occupy most of the rougher land in the Taconics and in the Eastern and Western highlands. Forests are also found on most of the higher sections of the traprock ridges in the Connecticut Valley Lowland.

Hemlock and white pine, found throughout the state, are the most common conifers. Elsewhere are found oak and hickory, as well as other hardwoods such as red cedar, sweet birch, American basswood, hop hornbeam, and butternut. The white oak is the state tree. The most common shade trees include Norway and sugar maple, the red oak, and the ash.

Common flowering shrubs include dogwood, azalea, sweet fern, wild cherry, bayberry, sheep laurel, and mountain laurel, the state flower. Huckleberry, blueberry, black raspberry, and blackberry bushes are abundant; and there are a few cranberry bogs. Among the many species of wild flowers are the trailing arbutus, violet, hepatica, bloodroot, jack-in-the-pulpit, and cowslip.

Animals of Connecticut


The most common wild animals are the red fox, skunk, woodchuck, muskrat, raccoon, gray squirrel, coyote, opossum, and cottontail-rabbit. The white-tailed deer, whose numbers were once seriously depleted, are now extremely populous. Some beaver can be found in the state. The robin, Connecticut’s state bird, frequents the state throughout the year.

Among the many other species, both resident and migrant, are the tree sparrow, song sparrow, blue jay, crow, American goldfinch, black-capped chickadee, and white-breasted nuthatch. Several species of gull, tern, sandpiper, hawk, woodpecker, warbler, and vireo are also found in the state. In winter the slate-colored junco, pine grosbeak, winter wren, and bald eagle are found there. The snowy owl is an occasional visitor. Game birds include the ruffed grouse, bobwhite, ring-necked pheasant, woodcock, duck, and geese.Common freshwater fish include perch, pickerel, brook trout, bullhead, and bluegill. Saltwater fish include the blackfish, winter and summer flounder, sea bass, bluefish, butterfish, striped bass and scup. Fishing the spring shad run is a Connecticut tradition.

Conservation


Programs for the preservation of the state’s natural resources, particularly forests, soils, water supply, and fisheries, have been undertaken, including a widespread reforestation program. Fish and game resources, once seriously depleted, are increasing as a result of conservation programs. Efforts include those to increase the number of shellfish, which are threatened by pollution of the coastal waters. Concern over the decrease of wildlife resulted in the restriction of dredging and development of marshes and tidal wetlands. "Connecticut" © Emmanuel BUCHOT, Encarta, Wikipedia

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