According to the 2000 national census, Utah ranked 34th among the states, with a total population of 2,233,169. This figure represents an increase of 29.6 percent over the 1990 census figure of 1,722,850.
In 2000 some 88 percent of the total population lived in urban areas. Utah is the sixth most urbanized state in the Union. Yet vast areas of the state are almost uninhabited. Average population density in 2006 was 12 persons per sq km (31 persons per sq mi), with the highest density located along the foot of the Wasatch Range.
At the time of the 2000 federal census whites constituted 89.2 percent of the population, Asians 1.7 percent, Native Americans 1.3 percent, blacks 0.8 percent, and Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders 0.7 percent. Those of mixed heritage or not reporting race were 6.3 percent of the population, and Hispanics, who may be of any race, were 9 percent.
Most Asians and blacks lived in metropolitan areas; many of the Native Americans, mostly of the Navajo, Ute, Gosiute, or Shoshone peoples, live on reservation land. The large Uintah and Ouray Reservation lies entirely within Utah, and portions of the Navajo and Ute Mountain reservations extend into the state.
The major cities are situated in Salt Lake Valley. By far the largest is Salt Lake City, with a population (2005 estimate) of 178,097. It serves as the state capital and the religious, financial, industrial, and commercial center of Utah. It is the largest and most important city of a vast region of the interior West. The Salt Lake City-Ogden metropolitan area includes Davis, Salt Lake, Tooele, and Weber counties. In 2006 its population was 1.1 million. West Valley City, a residential suburb of Salt Lake City, had 113,300 inhabitants in 2005.
Provo, a commercial and educational center and the seat of Brigham Young University, has a population of 113,984. Situated south of Salt Lake City, it is the largest city in the Provo-Orem metropolitan area, which is coextensive with Utah County. Other large cities are Sandy, with a population of 94,203; Orem, with a population of 90,857; and Ogden, with 78,086 inhabitants. Sandy and Ogden lie near Salt Lake City and are included in the Salt Lake City-Ogden metropolitan area. Sandy is primarily a residential and commercial center. Ogden is a manufacturing city and trade center. Logan is the chief food-processing and trade center of the Cache Valley in northern Utah and the seat of Utah State University. Its population is 47,660. "Utah" © Emmanuel BUCHOT, Encarta, Wikipedia.
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