According to the 2000 national census, Ohio ranked seventh among the states in population. Its population of 11,485,910 represented a 4.7 percent increase over the 1990 population of 10,847,115. The population density is 108 persons per sq km (280 per sq mi). In 2000, 77 percent of Ohio’s population lived in urban areas.
According to the 2000 census, whites constitute 85 percent of the population. Blacks, most of whom live in the Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Columbus metropolitan areas, make up 11.5 percent of the people. Asians are 1.2 percent, Native Americans 0.2 percent, and those of mixed heritage or not reporting race are 2.2 percent. Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders numbered 2,749 at the time of the census. Hispanics, who may be of any race, are 1.9 percent of the population.
The heaviest concentration of population is in northeastern Ohio. Even the rural sections of northeastern Ohio are densely populated in comparison with most of the rural areas elsewhere in the state. The population in southwestern Ohio is concentrated in the Miami Valley corridor. On the rolling uplands away from the river valleys, the rural population is less dense than that of northeastern Ohio. The flatlands of northwestern Ohio are largely rural in character, with farmlands and many small villages and towns. Central Ohio has a rural population pattern similar to that of northwestern Ohio. It too is dominated by one large urban center. Southeastern Ohio has a relatively sparse population, and some of the counties in this area are losing inhabitants. There are a few small urban centers.
The largest city in Ohio is Columbus, with a population in 2006 of 733,203. In the 1990s it experienced growth while other large Ohio cities declined in population. However, the Columbus metropolitan region, with a population of 1.7 million in 2006, is smaller than the metropolitan regions of Cleveland and Cincinnati. Columbus, located in the central part of Ohio, is the state capital. In addition to serving as an administrative center, it is the industrial and commercial heart of the surrounding region. Cleveland is the second largest city in Ohio, with a population of 444,313. Cleveland’s population has been declining since the 1960s. The Cleveland metropolitan area consists of Ashtabula, Cuyahoga, Geauga, Lake, Lorain, and Medina counties, with a population of 2.9 million. Cleveland ranks as a principal industrial and commercial center in the Middle West and is one of the most important ports on the Great Lakes.
The third largest city is Cincinnati, with a population of 332,252. It is the leading commercial center in southern Ohio and serves as an important river port and industrial city. The Cincinnati metropolitan area, which extends into Kentucky and Indiana, had a population of 2 million. Toledo, with a population of 298,446, is the chief port of Ohio and an important industrial and commercial center. Other large cities in the state include Akron, Dayton, Parma, and Youngstown. "Ohio" © Emmanuel BUCHOT, Encarta, Wikipedia
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