According to the 2000 national census, Colorado ranked 24th among the states, with a total population of 4,301,261. This figure represented an increase of 30.6 percent over the 1990 population of 3,294,394. Colorado’s average population density in 2006 was 18 persons per sq km (46 per sq mi). However, the population is not evenly distributed. About five-sixths of all Coloradans live in a narrow belt that extends for about 300 km (about 200 mi) along the eastern foot of the Rocky Mountains and includes Denver, Colorado Springs, Fort Collins, and Pueblo. Meanwhile most of the mountains and the Colorado Plateau are sparsely populated. In 2000, 84 percent of the people of Colorado lived in areas defined as urban.
The people of Colorado are from diverse origins. Many of them are descendants of immigrants from the British Isles.
The gold rush of 1858 and 1859 brought the first permanent settlements of Europeans and Americans of European descent to Colorado. Among the immigrants were former tin miners from Cornwall, England, who were accustomed to hardrock mining, and, later, farmers from central Europe. In addition, there are numerous people of Spanish and Mexican descent. Blacks have been living in Colorado since the first gold rush. In the 1970s there was a considerable influx of Vietnamese. Immigration from Vietnam continued in the early 1990s, and the state also gained a number of people from countries of the former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and from China.
Whites comprise the largest share of the people, representing 82.8 percent of the population.
Blacks are 3.8 percent of the people, Asians are 2.2 percent, Native Americans are 1 percent, Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders are 0.1 percent, and those of mixed heritage or not reporting race are 10 percent. Hispanics, who may be of any race, are 17.1 percent of the people.
By 1900, most of the Plains Native Americans in Colorado had been moved to reservations in other states. Only about 1,500 remained in Colorado. They lived mostly on a reservation in western Colorado, and their numbers remained relatively constant until the 1950s, when the Native American population grew to more than 4,200. More than ten times that number lived in the state in 2000. Many of the people belong to Ute tribes, but Sioux and Navajo are also represented. "Colorado" © Emmanuel BUCHOT, Encarta, Wikipedia
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