New York is the third most populous state in the Union. New York led all the states in population from 1820 until 1963, when it was surpassed by California. Texas surpassed New York in 1994. If trends continue, New York will rank fourth in population after California, Texas, and Florida by the year 2020. The population of New York in 2000 was 18,976,457, an increase of 5.5 percent over the 1990 census figure of 17,990,455. New York remains one of the most densely populated states, with 158 persons per sq km (409 per sq mi) in 2006.
Whites constituted 67.9 percent of the population in 2000, blacks 15.9 percent, Asians 5.5 percent, and Native Americans 0.4 percent. Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders numbered 8,818. Those of mixed heritage or not reporting race were 10.2 percent. Hispanics, who may be of any race, were 15.1 percent of the people.
The New York City-Northeastern New Jersey urbanized area, extending east on Long Island and north up the Hudson Valley, had 21.2 million people in 2000. Other big urbanized areas were Buffalo, Rochester, Albany-Schenectady-Troy, and Syracuse. In 2000, 87 percent of the total population was urban. New York City, one of the world’s leading commercial, financial, and cultural centers, is the largest city in the United States, with a population (2006) of 8,214,426.
. It is divided into five boroughs: Queens, Brooklyn, Staten Island, the Bronx, and Manhattan. A center for finance and commerce for the United States and much of the world, the city is also remarkable for its fusion of many cultures. Much of the nation’s domestic and international trade is arranged in New York City’s offices.
Wall Street, home to the New York Stock Exchange, is synonymous with business. The city is at the heart of the nation’s cultural life. Broadway is world renowned for its theaters, and the city’s museums—including the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Museum of Modern Art, and the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum—are among the best in the world. As a manufacturing center, New York is a national leader in such sectors as printed materials, processed food, and the production of clothing. Buffalo, an inland port and an important commercial and industrial center in western New York State, is New York’s second largest city, with a population of 276,059 in 2006.
Many industries were attracted to Buffalo by the hydroelectric power from nearby Niagara Falls, the city’s extensive harbor facilities, and its rail facilities. Rochester, a major manufacturing center for photographic equipment, optical parts, hospital supplies, and scientific instruments, and a processing and distributing point for an extensive fruit-growing region, had a population of 208,123. Yonkers, with 197,852 inhabitants, is a manufacturing and commercial center, principally producing plastics and chemicals. Syracuse, a distribution and manufacturing center for electrical and transportation equipment, had a population of 140,658. Albany, the capital of New York, had a population of 93,963. "New York" © Emmanuel BUCHOT, Encarta, Wikipedia
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