According to the 2000 national census, Indiana ranked 14th among the states, with a total population of 6,080,485. This represented an increase of 9.7 percent over the 1990 census figure of 5,544,159.
In 2006 Indiana had an average population density of 68 persons per sq km (176 per sq mi) and was among the more densely populated states. Population densities were generally much higher in the central and northern counties than in the southern counties. In large part these differences reflect the fact that central and northern Indiana contain nearly all of the state’s principal urban centers and most densely populated rural areas. Indiana is a predominantly urban state, with 71 percent percent of its total population living in urban areas in 2000.
Whites constituted 87.5 percent of the population in 2000. Blacks, most of whom lived in urban areas, formed 8.4 percent of the population, Asians 1 percent, Native Americans 0.3 percent, and those of mixed heritage or not reporting race 2.9 percent. Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders numbered 2,005. Hispanics, who may be of any race, were 3.5 percent of the people.
Of the five largest cities in Indiana, three are located in northern Indiana, one in central Indiana, and one in southwestern Indiana.
Indianapolis, located in the center of the state, is by far the largest city, with a 2006 population of 795,484. The city ranks as one of the state’s leading commercial and industrial centers and as one of the principal transportation centers in the Midwest. Indianapolis also serves as the state capital of Indiana.
Fort Wayne, the largest city in northeastern Indiana, is primarily an industrial and commercial center noted for the manufacture of a wide variety of machinery and metal goods. It had a population of 248,637 in 2006. Evansville, the largest city in Indiana south of Indianapolis, had a population of 115,738. It is a commercial center on the Ohio River in southwestern Indiana. Gary, in the northwestern part of the state, had a population of 97,715. Gary is the principal city in the Indiana section of the vast urban area centered on Chicago. The heavily industrialized southern part of this area, extending from Illinois into Indiana, is known as the Calumet Region. The Calumet constitutes one of the greatest concentrations of heavy industry in the United States. In addition to Gary, the Calumet region in Indiana includes Hammond, which had a population of 78,292, and East Chicago, with a population of 30,594.
South Bend, with a population of 104,905, is a major industrial city in north Indiana, noted for the manufacture of transportation equipment. Other major cities include Anderson, an industrial community in central Indiana; Terre Haute, a manufacturing and trade center in western Indiana; Muncie, a manufacturing city in east central Indiana; Kokomo, an industrial city in central Indiana; Richmond, a manufacturing city in eastern Indiana; Elkhart, a north Indiana city that manufactures musical instruments and mobile homes; Bloomington, in south central Indiana, the seat of Indiana University; and Lafayette, a manufacturing center in a farming region of west central Indiana. Other, smaller cities include Marion and Michigan City, both industrial cities; New Albany, a plywood-manufacturing city on the Ohio River opposite Louisville; and Mishawaka, a residential and manufacturing city adjoining South Bend. "Indiana" © Emmanuel BUCHOT, Encarta, Wikipedia
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