According to the 2000 national census, Connecticut ranked 29th among the states, with a total population of 3,405,565. The 2000 total was 3.6 percent larger than the 1990 total of 3,501,252. The average density in 2006 was 279 persons per sq km (723 per sq mi), making Connecticut the fourth most densely populated state.
Connecticut has been a predominantly urban state ever since the end of the 19th century. At all of the censuses beginning in 1950 more than three-quarters of the population has been classified as urban, and in 2000 some 88 percent of the people were so counted.
Almost all of the first European settlers in Connecticut, those who came during the 17th and 18th centuries, were of English origin. Irish settlers, who supplied much of the growing demand for labor in the state’s early stages of industrialization, were the first large foreign-born group to arrive after the American Revolution. Italians began to settle in Connecticut and came in great numbers between 1900 and 1916. Between 1880 and 1919 many new immigrants came to Connecticut from Germany and Russia. Other major sources of immigrants were Québec and other parts of Canada, Poland, Lithuania, and Czechoslovakia. In 1910 about 30 percent of Connecticut’s total population was foreign-born. By 1970, however, the foreign-born proportion had fallen to only 9 percent. In the late 20th century the countries from which most immigrants were arriving were Poland, China, countries of the former Soviet Union, and India.
Whites constituted the largest ethnic group, with 81.6 percent of the population at the time of the 2000 census. Blacks were 9.1 percent of the people, Asians 2.4 percent, Native Americans 0.3 percent, and those of mixed heritage or not reporting race 6.5 percent. Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders numbered 1,366. Hispanics, who may be of any race, were 9 percent of the people. The blacks and Puerto Ricans in the state are almost all urban. Hartford, New Haven, and Bridgeport have the largest black populations. In 2000 Hartford was 38 percent black, New Haven was 37 percent black, and Bridgeport was 31 percent black. "Connecticut" © Emmanuel BUCHOT, Encarta, Wikipedia
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