The first constructions of the fortress date back to 1050. The city then extends around the cliff on which the castle is built. The latter is enlarged from 1140 to 1180 under the reign of Frederick Barbarossa. In 1191, the Count Frederick III of Hohenzollern becomes by marriage the burgrave Frederick I of Nuremberg.
Nuremberg quickly became one of the favorite imperial cities, and in 1219 the future Emperor Frederick II handed over to Nuremberg, which was still a royal city without autonomy, his famous Große Freiheitsbrief (Great Letter of Freedom). In 1256, for the first time, mention was made of a council in Nuremberg, which entered the League of Rhenish Cities that same year. In 1273, Hohenzollern County became hereditary. In 1332, Emperor Louis the Bavarian confirms the customs freedom of the inhabitants of Nuremberg. He will stay 74 times in the city. © Photo of Emmanuel Buchot
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