Schools in Oklahoma date from the middle of the l9th century, when the Native Americans belonging to the Five Tribes were moved to Oklahoma. Each tribe organized schools for both boys and girls. Church groups from the eastern states also founded schools, including educational facilities for the Plains tribes after they were settled on reservations. After 1890 the Oklahoma territorial legislature began to establish institutions for higher education, including the University of Oklahoma, Agricultural and Mechanical College (now Oklahoma State University), and Central Normal School for teacher training (now University of Central Oklahoma). After Oklahoma became a state, several state normal schools were established in Indian Territory. They later became state colleges.
Attendance at school is compulsory for children ages 5 to 18. Some 4 percent of the state’s children attend private schools. In the 2004–2005 school year Oklahoma spent $7,546 on each student’s education, compared to a national average of $9,910. There were 15.1 students for every teacher (the average class size in the country was 15.5 students). Of those older than 25 years of age in 2007, 84.8 percent had a high school diploma; the national norm was 84.5 percent.
In 2006–2007 Oklahoma had 29 public and 28 private institutions of higher learning. Among these schools were the University of Oklahoma, in Norman; Oklahoma State University, in Stillwater; University of Central Oklahoma, in Edmond; Southwestern Oklahoma State University, in Weatherford; Phillips University, in Enid; the University of Tulsa and Oral Roberts University, in Tulsa; Oklahoma City University; St. Gregory’s University and Oklahoma Baptist University, in Shawnee; and the University of Science and Arts of Oklahoma, in Chickasha. "Oklahoma" © Emmanuel BUCHOT, Encarta, Wikipedia
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