The Moravians who settled near Bethlehem and the people of the Ephrata Cloisters near Lancaster developed religious music in colonial Pennsylvania. The Orpheus Club, established in Philadelphia in 1759, is one of the first U.S. musical organizations. The Philadelphia Orchestra and the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra have achieved international recognition. Both Philadelphia and Pittsburgh have several professional theaters, including the InterAct Theatre Company in Philadelphia and the Pittsburgh Public Theater. Summer theaters and community playhouses flourish throughout the state.
Pennsylvania’s first newspaper and the fourth newspaper in the American colonies was the American Weekly Mercury, issued in 1719. By the time of the American Revolution (1775-1783), six newspapers were being published in the colony, including four in Philadelphia. The first U.S. daily newspaper, the Pennsylvania Post and Daily Advertiser, was issued in Philadelphia in 1783. In 2002 Pennsylvania had 84 daily newspapers, which had a total circulation of 3 million. The newspapers with the largest circulation in the state are the Philadelphia Inquirer, the Philadelphia Daily News, and the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette.
One of the world’s first commercial radio broadcasting station, KDKA, began operations in Pittsburgh in 1920.
Pennsylvania’s first commercial television station, KYW-TV, began operations in Philadelphia in 1941. In 2002 Pennsylvania had 157 AM and 216 FM radio stations and 45 television stations. A remarkable concentration of medical and industrial research is carried on by universities, hospitals, corporations, and independent research organizations in the Pittsburgh area. Pittsburgh is also a center of nuclear research, and the nation’s first commercial nuclear power plant was built on the Ohio River just north of the city. The Carnegie Mellon University is a leader in robotics, computer science, software development, and other studies in fundamental and applied science. Pittsburgh hospitals are world renowned for their research on organ transplants. "Pennsylvania" © Emmanuel BUCHOT, Encarta, Wikipedia
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