The Missouri State Library, housed in Jefferson City with the state archives, is the official library agency of the state. Specialized collections in Missouri include those of the State Historical Society at Columbia, the Missouri Historical Society and the Mercantile Library in St. Louis, the supreme court at Jefferson City, the scientific collection in the Linda Hall Library in Kansas City, and the documents in the Harry S. Truman Library at Independence. The Pius XII Memorial Library at St. Louis University contains microfilm copies of documents in the Vatican Library. The University of Missouri-Columbia, Washington University, and St. Louis University have major research libraries. Public libraries annually circulate an average of 8.7 books per state resident.
The St. Louis Art Museum and Kansas City’s Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art both house excellent collections, and the museum of the Missouri Historical Society in St. Louis displays a notable collection relating to Charles Lindbergh’s solo transatlantic flight in 1927 in his monoplane, The Spirit of St. Louis. In the state capitol building in Jefferson City are a large museum and a mural collection on the history and resources of the state. The Negro Leagues Baseball Museum in Kansas City houses a collection of memorabilia related to the black baseball league that played while baseball was segregated.
The state’s newspaper history goes back to 1808, when Joseph Charless founded the Missouri Gazette at St. Louis.
Later in the century, Joseph Pulitzer established the much-respected St. Louis Post-Dispatch. In 1908 the world’s first school of journalism was established at the University of Missouri.
In 2002 Missouri residents had a choice of 45 daily newspapers. Among the leading dailies were the St. Louis Post-Dispatch, the Kansas City Star, the Springfield News-Leader, the eastern Jackson County Examiner, the Joplin Globe, and the Daily Capital News and Post-Tribune (Jefferson City). In 2002 Missouri had 82 AM radio stations, 123 FM radio stations, and 33 television stations. The state’s first radio station, WEW, at St. Louis University, began broadcasting in 1921.
St. Louis and Kansas City are the cultural centers of the state. The St. Louis Symphony, one of the oldest symphony orchestras in the nation, was founded in 1800. The Kansas City Symphony was organized in 1933. Kansas City played a major role in the development of jazz music, and St. Louis in the development of blues music. "Missouri" © Emmanuel BUCHOT, Encarta, Wikipedia
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