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Museumof Massachusetts


Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

Massachusetts’s leading museum is the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, where an outstanding collection of Asian, Egyptian, Greek, Roman, European, and American art is housed. The Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum, in Boston, houses famous paintings. The Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute, in Williamstown, has an important collection of European paintings, including Impressionists and Old Masters. The Worcester Art Museum and the Harvard University Art Museums are also well known. Of particular interest to young people are the Boston Museum of Science; the maritime collections at the Peabody Essex Museum and the historical Salem Witch Museum, both in Salem; and the whaling museums in New Bedford and on Nantucket. The Boston-based Society for the Preservation of New England Antiquities maintains historic homes throughout the state.

Communications


The first one-page newspaper, called a broadside, published in the English colonies was printed in Cambridge in 1689. The first multi-page newspaper, Public Occurrences Both Forreign and Domestick, was published in Boston by Benjamin Harris in 1690, but was suppressed after the first issue. The nation’s first regularly printed newspaper, the Boston News-Letter, was published in 1704 by John Campbell. It was followed by the Boston Gazette in 1719 and later by the New-England Courant, which was published by James Franklin, who employed his brother Benjamin as an apprentice. The Christian Science Monitor, which has an international circulation, was founded at Boston in 1908 by Mary Baker Eddy. In 2002 Massachusetts had 43 daily newspapers.

The leading dailies were the Boston Globe, the Boston Herald, the Worcester Telegram & Gazette, the Springfield Union-News, the Quincy Patriot Ledger, the Lawrence Eagle-Tribune, the Brockton Enterprise, the Lowell Sun, and the Cape Cod Times.

Among the most distinguished periodicals associated with Massachusetts are the Atlantic Monthly, the New England Journal of Medicine, and the Harvard Law Review.

The nation’s first radio program was sent by Reginald Fessenden, broadcast from an antenna in Marshfield in 1906. The first radio station licensed in the state was WBZ in Springfield, which went on the air in 1921 and was the second licensed commercial station in the country to begin broadcasting. WBZ-TV in Boston, which was Massachusetts’s first full-time commercial television station, commenced operations in 1948. The state had 49 AM and 102 FM radio stations and 17 television stations in 2002.

A number of firsts in telegraph and telephone technologies took place in Massachusetts, including the first telegraph system, invention of the telephone by Alexander Graham Bell, and the advent of Morse Code.

The Handel and Haydn Society, one of the nation’s oldest continually performing musical groups, was formed in Boston in 1815 by Gottlieb Graupner. In 1867 the noted New England Conservatory of Music opened in Boston. The philanthropist Henry Lee Higginson founded the Boston Symphony Orchestra 14 years later and remained its sole benefactor for many years. It gives summer concerts at Tanglewood in the Berkshires. In the spring a division of the orchestra, the Boston Pops, presents concerts of popular and light classical music. The Boston Lyric Opera has a fall-spring season and performs in the Shubert Theatre. The Jacob’s Pillow Dance Festival is held every summer in Becket, in the Berkshires.

Theater


The Puritan traditions of Massachusetts retarded the development of the theater, and from 1750 to about 1790 all plays were banned. Boston’s few theaters were not very successful, but fortunately the little-theater movement caught on. In 1915 the Provincetown Players was organized by a group of actors, authors, and artists. They gave the first performance of many of the plays of Eugene O’Neill, and their success was followed by the birth of little theaters throughout the state. Shakespeare and Company performs a summer series in Lenox, and there are summer theaters in leading resorts, among them the Wellfleet Harbor Actors Theater; the Cape Playhouse, in Dennis; the Berkshire Theatre Festival, in Stockbridge; and the Williamstown Theatre Festival. "Massachusetts" © Emmanuel BUCHOT, Encarta, Wikipedia

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