The island of Murano is located north of Venice, in the lagoon. The craftsmen, specialized in the blowing of the precise quality of the glass of Venice, have an international fame. The area of the island of Murano is 1.17 km2, divided in two by a Grand Canal crossed by a single bridge, the Ponte Lungo (or Ponte Vivarini), which is kind of it a "little Venice ". Originally, Murano took the name of Amurianum, one of the doors of Altinum.
In 1201, the Senate of Venice drafted a decree that obliged the glassmakers of Venice to install their ovens on the island of Murano. Many fires had indeed started in Venice from glassmakers' furnaces and the Venetians were worried about the risks of their wooden houses. The island condition also made it easier to preserve the secrecy of glass manufacture. Thus the glassmakers of Venice were forced to transfer their furnaces and workshops to Murano where there are still a hundred in the early 2000s. Each glass jealously keeps its secrets passed from father to son.© Photo of Emmanuel Buchot
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