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Old medieval gate at the entrance of the city of Munich

Image of an old medieval gate at the entrance of the city of Munich - History of Bavaria


Isartor is a gate to the east of the historic city of Munich which hosts the Valentin-Musäum. Isartor is the boundary between Graggenauer and Anger, between the east and west of the city. As the city grew under Louis IV of the Holy Roman Empire, a second wall was built between 1285 and 1347 around Isartor, part of the fortress defense of the "outer city". In 1337, it has a tall tower of 40 m between two barbican.

The monument is almost entirely preserved. It keeps its main tower, its flanking towers, its courtyard between them and the three original openings.

It represents the entrance to Salzstraße. They crossed Maximilian I of the Holy Roman Empire in 1491, Charles V in 1530 and Gustav II Adolphus of Sweden in 1632. At the beginning of the nineteenth century, the city council decided on its destruction. Louis I of Bavaria opposed it and entrusted its restoration in 1833 to Friedrich Wilhelm von Gärtner. He adds a fresco painted by Bernhard von Neher tracing the entry of Emperor Louis of Bavaria after his victory in the Battle of Ampfing in 1322. In 1860, the central tower hosts a clock that was planned for the Karlstor before it is destroyed by a powder explosion. During the Second World War, it was severely damaged in 1944. It was restored from 1946 to 1957 but has serious consequences. The restoration of 1971-1972 gives it a medieval appearance, corrects that of 1833 and removes the clock. The latter is reinstalled and restarted on November 4, 2005. © Photo of Emmanuel Buchot

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