Ohio ranks third in the nation in income generated by industrial activity, behind California and Texas. Ohio is among the nation’s leaders in the production of rubber and plastics and as a producer of stone, clay, and glass products. Ohio’s most important industry in terms of the value of its contribution to the state’s income is the manufacture of transportation equipment, including motor vehicles and automobile parts, aircraft engines and parts, and motorcycles. The construction of machinery ranks high in importance, with Ohio industry building refrigeration and heating equipment, tools and dies, welding equipment, machine tools, and pumps. The shaping of metal into components is another large industry in Ohio, with workers stamping metal parts for the automotive industry, creating sheet metal, and crafting hand tools, among other enterprises.
The production of chemicals and allied products, such as cleansers, pharmaceuticals, and paints, contributes significantly to the state’s economy. Food processing is also important, with Ohio industry creating products from the state’s agricultural sector. The primary metal industry is important in the value of its output, with the bulk of labor devoted to steel and aluminum milling. A growing industry in Ohio is the electronics and electrical equipment sector, with household appliances as one of the leading commodities produced. Manufacturing is centered in two major areas and in several important cities outside them. The northeast accounts for much of Ohio’s manufacturing employment and industrial income. The Cleveland metropolitan area is the state’s leading manufacturing area.
Manufacturing is found within the city proper, especially along Lake Erie near the mouth of the Cuyahoga River, and in such suburban areas as Parma, East Cleveland, Euclid, Lakewood, and Painesville. Its major industries are the manufacture of transportation equipment, machinery, and primary metals, especially iron and steel. Akron, once the rubber center of the world, is now becoming more important for research and corporate functions. Canton is primarily an iron and steel center. Youngstown is a center for transportation equipment industries. Industry in the Youngstown metropolitan area is found in Youngstown proper, particularly along the Mahoning River, as well as in the cities of Warren, Niles, Girard, and Struthers. The second major industrial area is in the Miami Valley, in southwestern Ohio, where Dayton, Hamilton, Middletown, Springfield, and Cincinnati have one-fourth of the state’s industrial employees and produce one-fourth of the industrial income.
Cincinnati’s major industries are the manufacture of transportation equipment, especially automobiles and jet engines; chemicals, mainly soaps and cosmetics; beverages, meat products, and other foodstuffs; and machinery and machine tools. Refrigerators, rubber and plastic products, and aircraft and other transportation equipment are produced in Dayton. Hamilton and Middletown are centers for the manufacture of iron and steel, paper products, and machine tools. Two other large Ohio cities are also major industrial centers. Columbus is noted for foodstuffs, automotive parts, and electrical equipment. Toledo is known for the manufacture of transportation equipment and glass products. "Ohio" © Emmanuel BUCHOT, Encarta, Wikipedia
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