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The libraries in Chicago


Illinois state museum
Illinois state museum

Chicago, one of the leading cultural centers in North America, is the site of many of the state’s outstanding libraries and museums. Among the notable libraries in Chicago are the John Crerar Library and the Joseph Regenstein Library at the University of Chicago, Chicago Public Library, Newberry Library, and the library of the Chicago Historical Society. Museums in Chicago include the Art Institute of Chicago, Field Museum, John G. Shedd Aquarium, Adler Planetarium and Astronomy Museum, Museum of Science and Industry, DuSable Museum of African-American History, Oriental Institute Museum of the University of Chicago, and the Museum of Broadcast Communications. There are 626 public library systems in Illinois. Each year the libraries circulate an average of 8.3 books for every resident. The Illinois State Library, which was established at Springfield in 1839, serves as an advisory and reference agency for other libraries throughout the state. Also in Springfield are the Illinois State Archives, a division of the office of Secretary of State, and the Illinois State Historical Library, established in 1889.

Museums


One of the principal museums outside Chicago is the Illinois State Museum in Springfield, founded in 1877. Krannert Art Museum, located on the campus of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, houses a collection of art representing the cultures of Europe, Asia, Africa, and the Americas. Railway museums attract rail fans to Monticello and Union.

In 2002 there were 81 daily newspapers published in Illinois. The first newspaper in Illinois was the Illinois Herald, which was established at Kaskaskia in 1814. One of the most notable early newspapers was the Alton Observer (1836), an outspoken antislavery publication edited by abolitionist Elijah P. Lovejoy. The oldest continuously published daily newspaper in the state is the Chicago Tribune, which was established in 1847. Today it has the largest circulation of all the state’s daily newspapers.

The other leading Chicago daily is the Chicago Sun-Times. Leading dailies outside of Chicago are the Arlington Heights Daily Herald, the Peoria Journal Star, the Springfield State Journal-Register, the Rockford Register Star, and the Belleville News-Democrat.

The first radio station in Illinois was WDZ, which began broadcasting at Tuscola in 1921 and has since moved to Decatur. The first commercial television station to broadcast was a Chicago station, WBKB, in 1943. There were 95 AM and 183 FM radio stations and 45 television stations in Illinois in 2002. "Illinois" © Emmanuel BUCHOT, Encarta, Wikipedia

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