The current flag of Italy was first adopted by the Cispadan Republic in Reggio Emilia on January 7, 1797 when the Parliament of the Republic, on the proposal of the deputy Giuseppe Compagnoni (it), decreed that "it is made universal the flag or cispadan flag of the three colors, green, white, red and that these three colors are also used in the Cispadan cockade, which must be worn by all ".
The Italian tricolor is celebrated every year on January 7th at the Festa del Tricolore. In 1796, Italy was crossed by the victorious armies of Napoleon Bonaparte and the many republics that were born, French inspiration, on the ashes of the Ancien Régime, almost all adopted flags characterized by three bands of equal dimensions, with various colors, but clearly inspired by the French model of 1790. Similarly, the Italian regiments that supported the army of Bonaparte sported these three colors (including those of the Lombard Legion and those of the Italian Legion who recruited in Emilia-Romagna ). It is possible that Napoleon himself chose this tricolor (he preferred green to blue).
The flag of Cispadania is with horizontal stripes and struck, in the center, with the emblem of the republic (a quiver containing four arrows, surrounded by laurel and adorned by a trophy of arms). The bands become vertical when Cispadanie is incorporated in the Cisalpine Republic.
During the Napoleonic era, ephemeral states were born, such as the Ligurian Republic, the Roman Republic, the Parthenopean Republic or the Ancônitan Republic. But these Republics did not survive the Austro-Russian counteroffensive of 1799 and eventually merged into the first Italian Republic (1802-1805) became Kingdom of Italy (1805-1814). These republics also represent the first expression of the ideals of independence that fueled the Risorgimento. And it was during these years that the flag of dynastic or military symbol became a popular symbol of the liberties won and thus of the new nation, although Napoleon preferred, for the kingdom of which he girded the crown, a different disposition of the three colors.
During the decades following the Congress of Vienna, the tricolor was banned by the Restoration, but was hoisted by the insurgents of the movements and uprisings of 1831. Goffredo Mameli composed in his Canto degli Italiani (which will become national anthem) in 1847: " let us collect a single flag, a hope. " And on March 23, 1848, Charles Albert of Sardinia addressed to the people of Lombardy-Veneto, the famous proclamation which announces the first war of independence and which ends with its words: "to better demonstrate, by external signs, the feeling of the Italian union, we want our troops [...] to wear the shield of Savoy placed on the Italian tricolor ". To this shield of Savoy was added a blue edge to avoid that the cross, white and red, is confused with the white and the red of the flag. The current form of the flag has been used since June 19, 1946 (withdrawal of royal arms), and officially since January 1, 1948, date of the adoption of the Italian constitution. © Photo of Emmanuel Buchot
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