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Oregon manufacture


Oregon manufacturing
Oregon manufacturing

One out of five wage earners in Oregon is engaged in one of the various wood-processing industries. This figure jumps to one of every four wage earners if the manufacture of paper products and wood furniture is also included. The leading employers in the wood-products industries are firms engaged in making lumber, plywood, and wood pulp as well as finished goods such as mobile homes, wood cabinets, and corrugated boxes. The manufacture of electronic and electrical equipment expanded rapidly during the 1990s and now contributes the most value to the state’s economy of any industry. A number of high technology firms located in the Portland metropolitan region during the 1990s, chiefly making semiconductors, computers, or computer-related products. The food processing industry remains an integral part of Oregon’s economy. Leading employers include companies preparing frozen or canned fruits and vegetables and those processing seafood.

Most of the industries of Oregon are in or near the Willamette Valley. The bordering Cascades and Coast Ranges furnish a large proportion of the logs and pulpwood for processing, and the farms of the Willamette Valley produce most the raw materials for the food plants. Many of the processing plants in other parts of the state are devoted to woodworking industries, but there are also other types, such as aluminum-processing plants on the Columbia River. Other Oregon industries include manufacturers of industrial machinery such as woodworking, construction, and mining equipment; producers of instruments, most notably equipment to measure electricity as well as dental and electromedical equipment and supplies; and primary metal industries, including blast furnaces and steel mills, steel foundries, and aluminum plants. Printing and publishing are also important industries.

In addition to the rapid rise of high technology production, manufacturing has tended toward more highly specialized processing of raw materials. For example, the production of plywood has increased much more rapidly than the production of lumber. Also, in food processing, more attention is given to canning and freezing than to the marketing of fresh produce. "Oregon" © Emmanuel BUCHOT, Encarta, Wikipedia

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