Budapest is located between several natural regions of Hungary. To the west lies the Transdanubian Massif with the Buda Hills to Zsámbék and the Pilis Mountains to Esztergom and the Danube Bend. Sometimes at a distance of 500 m, these massifs were formed in the Triassic and consist mainly of limestone and dolomite in which water has created caves, the most famous of which are the Pálvölgy Cave and the Szemlőhegy Cave. The highest point of the city is the János-hegy, at 527 meters above sea level. The lowest point is the surface of the Danube which is 96 meters above sea level. On the other side of the river, in the eastern part of the city, the plain of Rákos is bounded on the north by the Cserhát massif and on the east by the Gödöllő massif. It joins from the south the great sedimentary plain of Alföld, which extends along the Danube and the Tisza.
Providing many sources of thermal water, Budapest supplies 40,000,000 liters of hot water and 30,000,000 liters of warm water a day. These springs are at the origin of bathing establishments and baths that made the reputation of the capital. The largest underground bath complex in the world was discovered in Budapest in 2008. © Photo of Emmanuel Buchot
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