The first document mentioning the city of Nuremberg, known as Norenberc is due to Emperor Henry III (1017-1056). It dates from July 16, 1050, and was written on the occasion of the enfranchisement of a low-grade woman named Sigena whom a noble named Richolf wished to marry; the Emperor would have freed him on this occasion. The act of emancipation ends with the words: Actum Nórenberc. Feliciter Amen).
If the term berg attests well to the existence of a mountain, the meaning of the first part of the name is unclear. Several hypotheses have been raised, such as that which would involve the Middle High German nuor which means the "cliff", but none has really imposed itself5. In the current state of knowledge, Nuremberg seems to be a politico-military creation of the Emperor Henry III (1039-1056) serving for the supply of his armies during his campaigns against the Duke of Bohemia, the city occupying at the time a central position between the bishoprics of Bamberg, Würzburg, Eichstätt. © Photo of Emmanuel Buchot
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