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Constitution of Oklahoma


Picture of Oklahoma
Picture of Oklahoma

Oklahoma is governed under its original constitution, adopted in 1907, and since amended. An amendment to the constitution may be proposed by initiative, the state legislature, or a constitutional convention, which can be called by the legislature if approved by a vote of the people. To become effective, an amendment must be approved by a majority of the people voting on the issue in a general election.

Executive power


State executive officers include the governor, lieutenant governor, inspector, auditor, attorney general, treasurer, and superintendent of public instruction, who are elected to four-year terms. The governor may only serve any number of terms but only two in a row. The secretary of state, chief mine inspector, commissioner of charities and corrections, commissioner of insurance, commissioner of labor, and three public utilities commissioners are appointed.

Oklahoma’s legislature consists of a House of Representatives and a Senate, and meets annually beginning in January. The House of Representatives has 101 members, elected for two-year terms, and the Senate consists of 48 members, elected for four-year terms. The judicial power of Oklahoma is vested in a supreme court, which has nine members, a court of criminal appeals, a court of appeals, and district courts. The term of office for justices of the supreme court and of the two appeals courts is six years. The supreme court and two appeals court judges are appointed by the governor from a list provided by the Judicial Nominating Commission. After one year of service they stand for election on their record. District judges and associate district judges serve for four years and are elected on nonpartisan ballots.

Oklahoma is divided into 77 counties. Most counties are governed by a board of three commissioners, elected for two years. Other officials, also elected for two years, are the county judge, county attorney, court clerk, county clerk, sheriff, treasurer, registrar of deeds, and surveyor.

Most cities of 2,500 or more use a council-city manager form of government. Others use a mayor-council or other municipal format. The governing body for each school district is the school board, having from three to seven members. Many school districts are larger than the incorporated limits of the towns or cities they service, and their boundaries frequently cross county boundaries. "Oklahoma" © Emmanuel BUCHOT, Encarta, Wikipedia

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