Mississippi has had four state constitutions, adopted in 1817, 1832, 1869, and 1890. To be adopted, a proposed amendment to the constitution must be approved by two-thirds of the members of each house of the legislature and by a majority of the voters who vote on it in a general election. The legislature may also call a constitutional convention to revise the constitution.
Mississippi’s chief executive official, the governor, is elected for a four-year term. A change in law effective in 1994 allowed for the first time the governor to serve consecutive terms, although a two-term limit was imposed.
The governor enjoys wide appointive powers. Alone or subject to the approval of the senate, the governor appoints many of the members of the state’s more than 100 agencies, departments, boards, and commissions. The governor may veto proposed legislation, but the legislature can override a veto by a vote of two-thirds of the membership of each house. Other elected administrative officials, in addition to the governor, include the lieutenant governor, secretary of state, attorney general, treasurer, auditor of public accounts, superintendent of education, commissioner of insurance, and commissioner of agriculture and commerce. All officials serve four-year terms. The treasurer is prohibited from serving more than two consecutive terms.
The Mississippi legislature consists of a 52-member Senate and a 122-member House of Representatives. All legislators are elected for four-year terms. Regular sessions of the legislature are held annually, limited to 125 days the first year a new governor takes office and during even-numbered years of the governor’s term. Odd-year sessions are limited to 90 days. The legislature may extend its sessions by a two-thirds vote, however, and the governor may call special sessions.
The highest court in Mississippi, the Supreme Court, is composed of nine justices, who are elected from state districts for eight-year terms. The senior member of the court serves as the chief justice.
Mississippi has 82 counties. The chief governing body in each is the board of supervisors, composed of five members elected for four-year terms. Other county officials, all elected to four-year terms, include the sheriff, tax assessor, superintendent of education (sometimes appointed), attorney, chancery clerk of court, and circuit clerk of court. There are nearly 300 municipalities in Mississippi, most of which have the mayor and alderman form of municipal government. Most of the larger cities have the commission form of government. "Mississippi" © Emmanuel BUCHOT, Encarta, Wikipedia
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