In the nineteenth century, the Academy of Fine Arts, under the leadership of Wilhelm von Schadow, turned Düsseldorf into one of Germany's great artistic centers and a pole of European romantic and realist art. We are talking about a school in Düsseldorf, although this expression does not correspond to a movement or a unified artistic movement: if von Schadow promises historical and religious subjects and an idealistic aesthetic inspired by the study of the masters of the Renaissance, other artists are more involved in romantic affiliation or realism.
At the same time, Düsseldorf is also associated with an essential artist of Romanticism in another field, music: the city names Robert Schumann Generalmusikdirektor. There he lives with his wife Clara Wieck, herself a composer and pianist, from 1850 to 1854. It is in Düsseldorf that he creates his last symphony, the symphony No. 3, called "Rhenish". © Photo of Emmanuel Buchot
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