Forests cover 17 percent of Oklahoma’s total land area. The principal forest areas are in the Ouachita Mountains and the Ozark Plateaus. In eastern Oklahoma 2.9 million hectares (7.3 million acres) of timberland exists. These areas are in the humid section of the state, where much of the local topography precludes agricultural uses other than grazing. Second-growth forests are increasing. About 95 percent of the forested land in the state is privately owned. The division of forestry aids in conservation and fire control.
Both coniferous and deciduous trees grow in the state. Pine, oak, and hickory are most common. Shortleaf pine is the chief wood of commercial importance. Pines dominate the slopes and ridges of the Ouachitas, while hardwoods are found chiefly on the lower slopes and in the valleys. In the swamps and river bottoms, which are subject to floods, the cypress is common. Large sawmills are located in Wright City, Broken Bow, Idabel, Stilwell, and Spavinaw. More than 200 mills were active in the state in the early 1990s, mostly in the eastern section. A large wallboard plant, which uses the chips and sawdust of the Wright City sawmill, is located near Broken Bow. About 810,000 hectares (2 million acres) of pine forests are used in commercial lumber and paper production. Outside the Ouachita and Ozark regions, lumbering is of local importance only. "Oklahoma" © Emmanuel BUCHOT, Encarta, Wikipedia
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