The weight and value of New Jersey’s fish catch increased in the 1990s. However, the gains were being made because of increases in the catch of lower-valued species such as squid, skate, dogfish, Atlantic mackerel, butterfish, and herring. The harvest of species that command a higher market price, such as lobster, tilefish, fluke (or summer flounder), whiting (or ling), scallops, black sea bass, and tunas, were all down. Oysters are no longer taken due to certain shellfish diseases. Menhaden, processed into such products as fertilizer, fishmeal, and fish oil, are still caught in large numbers although the industrial processing of the fish is now done in other states. In 2007 the fish catch for the state was valued at $152.5 million.
Surf clam, ocean quahog, and hard clam harvests remain the most important for New Jersey’s fishing industry. Hard clams are successfully aquacultured, or farm raised, in shallow baywaters. A state program of transplanting hard clams from polluted waters to clean beds has increased production. Pollution of habitat is of declining significance as the cause of changes in New Jersey’s fishing industry. More critical is the over-fishing of desirable species. Most highly valued species are listed as “overexploited,” meaning harvests are declining due to overfishing, or “fully exploited,” meaning any increase in harvest will lead to decline. Only species low in value and demand are classified as “underexploited.” The Cape May and Wildwood area remains the most important commercial fishing port.
Forestry in New Jersey is not an important commercial activity, although some wood pulp and other forestry products are manufactured. Trees in the state are mostly too small to be of commercial value. State farms do, however, produce a number of Christmas trees for sale in nearby cities. "New Jersey" © Emmanuel BUCHOT, Encarta, Wikipedia
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