The fishing industry is of considerable importance, especially to western Washington. Fishing crews operate on the lower reaches of the Columbia River, the waters of Puget Sound, the coastal waters off the Olympic Peninsula, and as far away as Bristol Bay in Alaska. The chief species caught are salmon, albacore, herring, rockfish, cod, flounder, Dungeness crabs, and ocean perch.
Lumbering began in Washington when white settlers first came into the region. The Cascades divide the state into two broad types of timberland, characterized by Douglas firs to the west and ponderosa pines to the east. The Douglas fir is the most abundant single species and the leading species for lumber. The hemlock and ponderosa pine are also important.
Washington is a leading state in the production of lumber. The timber industry in Washington underwent a difficult transition in the early 1990s. Environmental restrictions that were intended to preserve fish and wildlife habitat limited the amount of timber that could be cut on state and federal forest lands, especially in old-growth forests. Extensive harvests during peak years in the 1980s also limited supply. The result was the closure of many mills and a disruption in the economies of timber-dependent communities. "Washington" © Emmanuel BUCHOT, Encarta, Wikipedia.
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