Poultry, cattle, and calf production are the leading livestock components in agriculture. Poultry farming is concentrated in north central Louisiana. The production of broilers and eggs accounts for most of the income of poultry farmers. Cattle are raised throughout the state. Grasses grow well in all months, and, as a result, cattle can be grazed year-round on pastures of Bermuda grass, clover, and lespedeza. Large areas of worn-out cotton land have been replanted and restored to production as pastures. Dairy farming is the leading source of farm income in the areas surrounding the urban centers of southeastern Louisiana. Hogs are also raised.
Louisiana has rich coastal and inland fishing waters. The value of the catch in 2007 was $287 million–greater than that of any other state except Alaska. Shrimp is the most valuable catch, contributing more than two-fifths of the income from fishing in 1997. Menhaden, a fish used for livestock feed and fertilizer, accounted for more than four-fifths of the catch by weight, but ranked second in value. Oysters, blue crabs, and tuna are also important aquatic resources. Crayfish and catfish are raised inland in pisciculture, or fish farming, operations.
Louisiana is one of the leading lumber-producing states. The majority of Louisiana’s forests are privately owned. That, plus environmental concerns that reduced lumbering in the Pacific Northwest, led to an increase in the production of forest products in the early 1990s.
Softwoods accounted for more than 90 percent of the amount of timber cut each year in the early 1990s. The most important softwood trees are the longleaf, shortleaf, loblolly, and slash pines. They are used principally for lumber and plywood and in the manufacture of wood pulp and paper. Hardwoods, used mainly for lumber and other wood products and for fuel wood, include oak, gum, cottonwood, willow, ash, and cypress. Spanish moss is gathered in the southern forests and, after being cured, is sold for use as packing material. "Louisiana" © Emmanuel BUCHOT, Encarta, Wikipedia
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