In the years surrounding the War of 1812, the state legislature sought a more central site for the state capital, which had been shifted from Chillicothe to Zanesville in 1810. In 1812 the legislature chose for the state capital the site of Columbus, a tract of wilderness across the Scioto River from the frontier community of Franklinton. The capital was moved back temporarily to Chillicothe until December 1816, when the state legislature met in Columbus for the first time.
Tecumseh’s uprising and the war with Britain had slowed the stream of settlers migrating to Ohio, but it resumed after peace was established in 1815. By 1820 the population of Ohio had risen to 581,434, and during the following decade it reached 937,903. Settlement continued to be concentrated along the Ohio River and in the valleys of its major tributaries, including the Muskingum, Scioto, and Miami rivers. In the late 1820s, however, settlement accelerated in the northern third of the state, partly as a result of the completion of the Erie Canal in New York in 1825, providing a link between the Great Lakes and the Atlantic seaboard. By 1850 settlement had spread over all of Ohio, except in the Black Swamp in the northwest. In the 1830s, projects began to drain this vast swampy region, but most reclamation work and settlement there occurred after 1865, when it became one of the richest farming areas in the state. "Ohio" © Emmanuel BUCHOT, Encarta, Wikipedia
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