The first school in Ohio was established by Moravian missionaries in 1773 at Schoenbrunn, near present-day Dover. The Ordinance of 1787 provided that “schools and the means of education shall forever be encouraged.” However, the first general school law in Ohio was not adopted until 1821.
The so-called Akron school law, passed by the state legislature in 1847, set a pattern for tuition-free graded schools that was soon adopted in urban communities throughout the state. In 1900, graded schools were made compulsory for both urban and rural areas. In 1909 the first junior high school in the United States was opened in Columbus.
School attendance is compulsory for children between the ages of 6 and 18. In addition to public schools, there are many private schools in Ohio, educating 13 percent of the state’s children.
In the 2004–2005 school year Ohio spent $10,632 on each student’s education, compared to a national average of $9,910. There were 16.6 students for every teacher (the national norm was 15.5 students per teacher). Of those older than 25 years of age in 2007, 87.1 percent had a high school diploma, while the national average was 84.5 percent.
The first institution of higher learning established in the Ohio region was Ohio University, chartered at Athens in 1804.
The state’s largest university is The Ohio State University at Columbus, a land-grant institution founded in 1870 as Ohio Agriculture and Mechanical College. Oberlin College, which dates from 1833, was the first college in the United States to provide college education for women and the first to offer coeducational instruction.
In 2006–2007 Ohio had 61 public and 144 private institutions of higher education. Among the most notable of these institutions were the University of Akron; Antioch University, in Yellow Springs; Bowling Green State University; Case Western Reserve University, in Cleveland;
the University of Cincinnati; the University of Dayton; Denison University, in Granville; Hiram College; John Carroll University, in University Heights in suburban Cleveland; Kent State University; Kenyon College, in Gambier; Miami University, in Oxford; Ohio University, in Athens; the University of Toledo; Wilberforce University; the College of Wooster; and Youngstown State University. "Ohio" © Emmanuel BUCHOT, Encarta, Wikipedia
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