During the 18th century, indigo (a source of blue dye), rice, and sugarcane were grown on plantations in Georgia. Cotton was introduced in 1786. Indigo and sugar cultivation all but vanished early in the 19th century, and rice production had gravely declined by 1870. Cotton, however, remained to dominate the Georgian farm economy until the 1920s. Beginning in the 1890s, agriculture in the state was diversified. Manufacturing was of minor importance in the state before the Civil War. The textile industry, Georgia’s oldest, began to develop in the 1830s and again in the 1880s after the Reconstruction period. Modern large-scale development of the textile industry dates only from the 1920s. World War II (1939-1945) greatly stimulated both the growth and the diversification of manufacturing in the state. Manufacturing now ranks as the most valuable branch of the economy and is a leading source of jobs.
Georgia had a work force of 4,546,000 in 2008. The largest share of those, 34 percent, were employed in the diverse services sector, doing such jobs as giving legal advice or working in restaurants. Another 20 percent worked in wholesale or retail trade; 16 percent in federal, state, or local government, including those in the military; 10 percent in manufacturing; 19 percent in finance, insurance, or real estate; 21 percent in transportation or public utilities; 5 percent in construction; 2 percent in farming (including agricultural services), forestry, or fishing; and just 0.3 percent in mining. In 2007, 4 percent of Georgia’s workers were members of a labor union. "Georgia" © Emmanuel BUCHOT, Encarta, Wikipedia
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