Until the early part of the 19th century, large mammals were common in the Kentucky region. White-tailed deer and black bear are still found, although bears are very rarely seen. The red wolf was recently reintroduced to the western part of the state. Among the many small mammals found in the state are the red fox, gray fox, beaver, Virginia opossum, woodchuck, fox squirrel, red and gray squirrel, cottontail, mink, muskrat, skunk, and raccoon.
Among the great variety of resident birds found in Kentucky are the cardinal, which is the state bird, and the bluejay, Carolina chickadee, tufted titmouse, crow, white-breasted nuthatch, several species of hawks, owls, woodpeckers, and sparrows. Common migratory birds include the catbird, brown thrasher, great crested flycatcher, slate-colored junco, golden-crowned kinglet, yellow-bellied sapsucker, cedar waxwing, and many species of warbler. Popular game birds include the bobwhite, woodcock, ring-necked pheasant, rock dove, wild turkey, and waterfowl. Fish common to the lakes and rivers of Kentucky include the crappie, bluegill, largemouth black bass, smallmouth black bass, and catfish. In addition, muskellunge and rainbow trout have been introduced.
Reptiles found in Kentucky include a few poisonous snakes, such as the timber rattlesnake, cottonmouth, and copperhead, and many nonpoisonous species, such as the pilot black, bull, chicken, and king snakes. Other common reptiles include turtles and lizards. "Kentucky" © Emmanuel BUCHOT, Encarta, Wikipedia
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