White-tailed deer are the most abundant of the larger animals found in the state. There are black bears in the northern mountains and in Okefenokee Swamp, and bobcats prowl many of the rural areas. Red foxes, gray foxes, muskrats, raccoons, opossums, flying squirrels, foxes and gray squirrels are abundant in the forested areas, and otter and beaver are found in many swamps and rivers.
Most of the more than 300 species of birds found east of the Mississippi can be sighted in Georgia. Some 160 species are permanent residents; 120 of them breed below the Fall Line, which not only sharply divides the species of birds but of plants and trees as well. Many migratory birds from the northern United States and Canada spend the winter in Georgia. Along the coast and in marshes and swamps inland are found the anhinga, wood ibis, least bittern, wood duck, clapper rail, and many species of herons and egrets. Hawks, black vultures, and turkey vultures are found throughout the state, and mourning doves and bobwhite quail are common in cultivated areas.
The distinctive calls of the catbird, the mockingbird, and the brown thrasher, the state bird, ring out from brushy thickets. Other birds include the towhee, blue jay, meadowlark, cardinal, robin, crow, and ruby-throated hummingbird. There are also numerous species of warblers, vireos, wrens, and sparrows. The ivory-billed woodpecker, thought to be extinct, was sighted in Georgia (as well as other places) in 1967.
Georgia’s largest reptile is the alligator, which is found in coastal swamps and in the great Okefenokee Swamp. The six venomous snakes found in the state are the coral snake, the water moccasin, or cottonmouth, the copperhead, the pygmy rattlesnake, timber or canebreak rattlesnake, and the Eastern diamondback rattlesnake. There are also many nonpoisonous snakes.
Saltwater game fish include the channel bass, spotted weakfish, tarpon, and sailfish. Shrimp, crabs, and oysters are also found along the coastal regions. In the lakes and streams of northern and central Georgia are mountain trout, bream, bass, and catfish. Redfish, bass, mullet, drum, shad, and mackerel are plentiful along the coast. "Georgia" © Emmanuel BUCHOT, Encarta, Wikipedia
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