In southeastern Alaska are found the black bear, grizzly bear, black-tailed deer, moose, mountain goat, marten, red fox, mink, wolf, coyote, otter, and beaver. The sea lion, harbor seal, sea otter, porpoise, and several species of whale are common along the coast. Halibut, herring, cod, crab, and shrimp are also found in abundance in coastal waters. Several species of anadromous (living in both salt and freshwater) fish occur in Alaska, including chinook, coho, sockeye, chum, and pink salmon, Dolly Varden, sheefish, and rainbow and cutthroat trout. Brook and lake trout, Arctic grayling, northern pike, whitefish, and burbot occur in the state’s lakes and streams. Wildlife in south-central Alaska is similar to that of the Panhandle, with the addition of Dall sheep and caribou. In southwestern Alaska is rugged Kodiak Island, the home of the Kodiak brown bear, which is believed to be the largest omnivorous land animal in the world.
The Dall sheep, grizzly bear, moose, wolf, and caribou are found in Denali National Park and Preserve. Gulls, kittiwakes, cormorants, murres, puffins, and other seabirds are found throughout the Aleutian Islands. On the Pribilof Islands are extensive fur seal rookeries and also small colonies of sea otter.
The Interior region is the home of caribou, moose, Dall sheep, mountain goat, bison, wolf, black bear, grizzly bear, and many fur-bearing animals. Thousands of migratory waterfowl arrive at the end of April at their nesting grounds along the lower Yukon and Kuskokwim river valleys and leave in August and September for warmer lands farther south. The Bristol Bay area of the Bering Sea coast is noted for its salmon.
In the Arctic region the sea ice is the habitat of the polar bear, hair seal, and walrus. Marine life is abundant and ranges from tiny crustaceans to giant whales. Caribou graze on the tundra, migrating in herds and returning for the winter to range south of the Brook Range. The Arctic is a major nesting area for waterfowl, shorebirds, and many raptors, including peregrine falcons. "USA" © Emmanuel BUCHOT, Encarta, Wikipedia
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