In 2008 there were 65,500 farms in Kansas. A fairly large share of the farms compared to other states, 57 percent, had annual sales of more than $10,000. Farmland occupied 18.7 million hectares (46.2 million acres), of which 61 percent was cropland. The rest was mostly rangeland and pastureland. Some 9 percent of the cropland was irrigated.
The sale of livestock and livestock products was the largest source of income for Kansas farmers in 2006, accounting for 67 percent of total farm income. The sale of cattle and calves accounted for the largest share of farm income from livestock products. Although 61 percent of farmland is under cultivation, crops accounted for only 33 percent of farm income. Wheat sales contributed the largest share of income from crops.
Kansas ranks first among the states in wheat production and usually accounts for about one-fifth of the annual U.S. wheat harvest. Wheat is grown throughout Kansas, but most of it is in the western and central portions of the state. These areas of Kansas form the heart of the Winter Wheat Belt, one of the two major wheat-growing regions in the United States. In this region, wheat is planted in the fall and harvested the following summer. Crop yields fluctuate, especially in western Kansas, where the amount of rainfall, never very great, varies considerably from year to year. Many farmers plant their fields every other year, so that the land can store up enough soil moisture in the year it lies fallow to produce a good crop the following year. In small areas of the extreme western section of the state some wheat is grown under irrigation. Kansas is the leading producer of sorghum grain in the United States. Sorghum, the third most valuable crop in Kansas, is grown throughout the state and is used mainly for feeding livestock.
Other crops used primarily as livestock feed are corn, the state’s second most valuable crop, which is grown in eastern, northern, and western Kansas; soybeans, which are raised in the east; and hay, including alfalfa and wild hay, which are gathered in central and eastern Kansas. Greenhouse and nursery products, vegetables, and fruits and nuts are minor sources of farm income. "Kansas" © Emmanuel BUCHOT, Encarta, Wikipedia
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