The most common large animals found in Massachusetts are whitetail deer. Black bears are occasionally seen in the western part of the state. Foxes, beavers, raccoons, weasels, skunks, woodchucks, muskrats, mice, squirrels, chipmunks, and rabbits are fairly common.
The black-capped chickadee, the state bird, and the robin are among the most common birds in Massachusetts, and overall more than 400 species of birds can be seen in Massachusetts. Of these species, 185 annually nest in the state. Massachusetts’s diverse ecologies provide sanctuary to a variety of birds. The great black-backed gull, herring gull, purple martin, night-heron, horned lark, piping plover, sparrow, four species of terns, and marsh hawks are found in the coastal dunes and marshes. Protected by federal endangered species regulations in the mid-1980s, the piping plover has recovered from 138 breeding pairs to more than 400 in the mid-1990s. Birds found in deciduous forests are the pileated woodpecker, warblers, hawks, and owls. The wild turkey is also common throughout Massachusetts after efforts since the 1970s to reintroduce the bird.
The bobwhite, killdeer, bobolink, eastern meadowlark, and field sparrow live in the farmland and meadows. Loon, grebe, and duck are particularly numerous in the winter.
Fishes commonly found in the rivers and ponds of Massachusetts include such native species as brook trout, pickerel, shad, sunfish, and perch. Popular introduced species include rainbow, brown, and lake trout, smallmouth and largemouth bass, black crappie, carp, pike, and tiger muskie. Saltwater fish and shellfish include pollock, flounder, haddock, cod, smelt, striped bass, bluefish, clams, scallops, and lobsters. "Massachusetts" © Emmanuel BUCHOT, Encarta, Wikipedia
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