Photographic book

Political struggle


USSR economy
USSR economy

The Bolsheviks’ pursuit of a state-managed socialist economy, seen as the first step toward attaining communism, were embodied in the doctrinaire policies of War Communism. Implemented during the civil war, the austere measures of War Communism—such as seizing grain from the peasantry—contributed to widespread strikes and uprisings, while the economy was left completely exhausted. Even the sailors at the Kronshtadt naval base, known as ardent Bolshevik supporters, staged a revolt against the regime in March 1921. Trotsky and certain other leaders favored continuing the forced progress toward communism. Lenin, convinced that the revolution needed a “breathing space,” wanted a different course: demobilization of the Red Army, reduction of the requisitions of grain and produce from the peasants, and, for the time being, relaxation of controls over industry and trade. The Russian Communist Party (Bolshevik), deferring to Lenin’s authority, adopted his New Economic Policy (NEP) at the Tenth Party Congress, also in March.

The NEP stimulated private initiative and quickly revived the economy. The Soviet Union achieved pre-World War I production levels in most sectors by 1926. This rebound prompted renewed debate about how to foster economic development on a socialist basis. Proponents of a continuation of the NEP said socialism should be built step by step, as economic development allowed. The NEP’s opponents, who were more vocal after 1926, maintained that it was entrenching private property and bourgeois (capitalist) elements and would never beget the savings needed for high-pace industrialization. "USSR" © Emmanuel BUCHOT, Encarta, Wikipedia.

Photos of European countries to visit

Photos Czech Republic

Czech Republic

Photos Informations

Hungary Pictures

Hungary Pictures

Photos Informations

Spain photos

Spain photos

Photos Informations

Scotland Photos

Scotland Photos

Photos Informations

Photos of Portugal

Portugal

Photos Informations

Photos England

Photos England

Photos Informations

Pictures Amsterdam

Netherlands

Photos Informations

Photos of Asian countries to visit

India photos

India photos

Photos Informations

Photos of Hong Kong

Hong Kong

Photos Informations

Images from South Korea

South Korea

Photos Informations

Cambodia photos

Cambodia

Photos Informations

Photos of Japon

Photos of Japon

Photos Informations

Photos of Thailand

Photos of Thailand

Photos Informations

Photos of Taiwan

Photos of Taiwan

Photos Informations

Photos of America

Website information