New York offers a wide variety of musical and dramatic activities, with New York City having its well-known venues—the theater district of Broadway; off-Broadway; off-off-Broadway; Carnegie Hall; the Brooklyn Academy of Music; and the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts, home of New York City Ballet, the American Ballet Theatre, the Metropolitan Opera, and New York City Opera—as major attractions. Outside New York City, dramatic productions are presented by regional and university groups, as well as by summer theaters. Professional organizations such as Artpark, in Buffalo; the Skaneateles Festival, near Syracuse; and the Caramoor International Music Festival, in Westchester County, all present extensive summer programs.
Summer festivals are also held at Lake George and Lake Placid. The unique Chautauqua Institution, near Jamestown, combines elements of the arts, education, religion, and recreation in an outstanding summer program. Rochester’s cultural life is enriched by the presence of the Eastman School of Music and the Philharmonic Orchestra. Buffalo, Albany, Long Island, and Syracuse also have symphony orchestras, while the Saratoga Performing Arts Center, in Saratoga Springs, is the summer home of the Philadelphia Orchestra and the New York City Ballet. The Glimmerglass Opera offers repertory American and European opera each summer at the Alice Busch Opera Theater, located at the northern end of Otsego Lake.
New York State has played a leading part in developing mass communication. The idea of a penny newspaper originated in 1833 with the New York Sun, which emphasized sensational news to gain circulation. Horace Greeley’s New York Tribune in the 1840s became the first newspaper with a national reputation for high standards of news coverage. The New York Times is one of the world’s principal newspapers, and the Wall Street Journal, also published in New York, is among the most influential newspapers in the country. New York City also is the main book- and magazine-publishing center in the United States.
In 1922, station WGY, at Schenectady, became the state’s first radio station. Six years later it operated the nation’s first experimental television station. However, commercial televising did not begin in New York until 1941, when WNBT (now NBC4), the nation’s first television station, was licensed in New York City. The three major U.S. television networks—ABC, CBS, and NBC—have their headquarters in New York City. "New York" © Emmanuel BUCHOT, Encarta, Wikipedia
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