The early settlers quickly established schools. A free school was opened in New Haven in 1641, and a similar school was established in Hartford two years later. In 1650 a law was passed requiring every township in Connecticut with 50 or more families to appoint a town resident to teach children to read and write. Every town of 100 or more families was required to establish a grammar (or high) school.
Connecticut has many nationally prominent private preparatory schools. The oldest such private school still in existence in the state is the Hopkins School, which was founded in New Haven in 1660. Another school more than a century old is the Gunnery, which is located in Washington. Of more recent origin are Choate Rosemary Hall, in Wallingford; the Hotchkiss School, in Lakeville; and the Pomfret School, in Pomfret. There are also many parochial preparatory schools.
In 1701 the Collegiate School, what later was to become Yale University, one of the foremost educational institutions in the United States, was founded in Branford. Yale was opened in Killingworth (now Clinton) in 1702, and was later relocated to Saybrook (now Old Saybrook) and to Milford before finally being moved to New Haven, its present location, in 1716. Other noted schools are the University of Connecticut, in Storrs, founded as Storrs Agricultural School; Trinity College, in Hartford, founded as Washington College; the University of Hartford; the University of Bridgeport; Connecticut College and the United States Coast Guard Academy, both in New London; Wesleyan University, in Middletown; and Quinnipiac University, in Hamden. "Connecticut" © Emmanuel BUCHOT, Encarta, Wikipedia
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