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The religious culture of Ohio


Cleveland city
Cleveland city

The early settlers in Ohio possessed a wide variety of religious beliefs. Presbyterianism was practiced by the Scots-Irish and Congregationalism by many settlers from New England. Congregations of members of the Society of Friends, or Quakers, were established as early as 1796, and circuit-riding Methodist ministers gained many new adherents for their denomination. The first Roman Catholic church in Ohio was established in 1818, and the arrival of large numbers of Irish, German, Italian, and central European immigrants during the 19th century increased the Roman Catholic population of the state. Both the Lutheran and the Evangelical and Reformed faiths were also strengthened by German immigration.

Mormons


Some Ohioans became Mormons, or members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, when the Mormon leader Joseph Smith established his headquarters at Kirtland (now Kirtland Hills) during the 1830s. A number of communal religious settlements were also established in Ohio during the 19th century, including the Zoar community of the Würtemberg Separatists, (see Zoar, Separatist Society of), the communities founded by Shakers near Lebanon and at present Shaker Heights, and a number of Amish communities, some of which still survive. Roman Catholics form the largest single religious group in Ohio, accounting for about one-quarter of all church members. The largest Protestant groups are the Baptists and Methodists. There are also some Jewish congregations in the state. "Ohio" © Emmanuel BUCHOT, Encarta, Wikipedia

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