From July 1854, when the Michigan Republican Party was formally established, until 1932, Michigan usually voted for Republican candidates. Not once in this period was the entire electoral vote of the state given to a Democratic presidential candidate. Only three governors of this period belonged to other parties, and only one Democrat served as a U.S. senator.
During the first two decades of the 20th century, several Michigan political leaders were associated with the Progressive movement, a national effort to curb abuses by governments and industry and to improve life for workers, the poor, and other groups. Under their leadership, Michigan instituted direct elections for U.S. senators, direct primary elections, and the use of the initiative and referendum, measures that allow voters to propose or approve legislation. Conservation programs and compensation for workers injured on the job were established. Among the leading Michigan progressives were Hazen S. Pingree, a Detroit mayor who became Republican governor of the state in 1897; Republican Governor Chase S. Osborn (1911-1913); and Democratic Governor Woodbridge N. Ferris (1913-1917). "Michigan" © Emmanuel BUCHOT, Encarta, Wikipedia
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