Interesting sights near Portland include the fish ladders, which help salmon swim over the Bonneville Dam, and Multnomah Falls, which plunge 189 m (620 ft) into the Columbia River. A gallery of trees and displays relating to forestry industries are exhibited in the World Forestry Center in Portland, a huge log structure built in 1905 for the Lewis and Clark Exposition. The courthouse in Jacksonville, a gold rush city, is now a historical museum. The three largest telescopes in the Northwest are at the Pine Mountain Observatory near Bend.
One of Oregon’s most popular events is the Pendleton Round-Up in September. Thousands of visitors and many participants are attracted each year to this rodeo, with its revival of Native American and Old West pageantry.
Equally popular is the Shakespeare Festival at Ashland, where from July through Labor Day, Shakespeare’s plays are presented in an Elizabethan theater, a replica of the original Globe Theatre in London. Summer sports events include regattas, water shows, and a salmon derby at Astoria. Each June, Portland stages a rose festival with a parade and rose-bedecked floats. The state fair is held early in September in Salem, and rodeos are staged in various towns throughout the summer and fall. In winter the deep powder snow in the mountains provides ideal conditions for numerous winter carnivals and ski competitions. Some of the Native American feasts at the Warm Springs reservation are open to the public.
Oregon’s state park system has about 240 sites, with recreational, scenic, or historic interest.
Southward from Ecola State Park, which skirts the ocean for 10 km (6 mi), many state parks line the unspoiled seashore. Among the most popular are Sunset Bay, Battle Rock, and Umpqua Lighthouse state parks. A number of parks have lake or reservoir frontage, and a number are located along the picturesque Columbia River. Smith Rock lies in a colorful canyon cut by the Crooked River, which also flows through The Cove Palisades State Park on the great lava plateau. Spectacular waterfalls are features of several parks including Silver Falls, east of Salem, which has 14 cataracts. Among the historic sites in the state is the house in Oregon City of John McLoughlin, who was the chief agent for the Hudson’s Bay Company from 1824 to 1846 and who virtually ruled the territory. A monument in Champoeg State Park marks the formation of Oregon’s provisional government in 1843. "Oregon" © Emmanuel BUCHOT, Encarta, Wikipedia
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