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Visit the beautiful city of Dresden in East Germany

Visit the beautiful city of Dresden in East Germany


Dresden, whose name comes from the old Sorbian drežďany, was at first only a village of fishermen and peasants; it is mentioned for the first time only in 1206. After the division of Wettin's house into two branches in 1485; the city fell to the youngest son, Albert who made it the capital of the Duchy of Saxony and took advantage of the elevation of this branch of the Wettins and the expansion of their possessions to become a political and cultural center. In 1745 a treaty of peace, which secured Silesia to Prussia, was concluded there with Austria and Saxony.

The city developed at the beginning of the eighteenth century with the baroque ensemble Zwinger, the Japanese palace and the Hofkirche. Auguste le Fort, the elector of Saxony, makes it the Florence of the North and invites architects, composers and musicians, often from Italy or Austria. Dresden also hosts exceptional collections of works of art. It was in 1560 that the Dresden National Collections were founded by Auguste Ier.

Dresden was often ravaged by the armies, especially during the Seven Years' War (1756-1763) and during the battle of Dresden, where Napoleon I defeated a coalition army on 26 and 27 August 1813 during the German campaign. consisting of Austrians, Russians and Prussians, this one year after having held the famous congress. The fortifications of the city were destroyed in 1815. © Photo of Emmanuel Buchot

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