Michigan ranks as the eighth most populous state. Its population of 10,003,422 in the 2000 national census was an increase of 6.9 percent over the 1990 count of 9,295,297. The average population density in 2006 was 69 persons per sq km (178 per sq mi). Michigan’s people have been predominately urban since 1910, and in 2000 the share of those living in cities was 75.
In 2000 whites constituted 80.2 percent of the population, blacks 14.2 percent, Asians 1.8 percent, Native Americans 0.6 percent, and those of mixed heritage or not reporting race 3.2 percent. Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders numbered 2,692. Hispanics, who may be of any race, were 3.3 percent of the people.
Most of the state’s population is concentrated in the industrial cities in the southern Lower Peninsula. Detroit, Michigan’s largest city, was the tenth largest city in the United States at the time of the 2000 national census and one of the country’s major industrial centers. In 2005 Detroit had a population of 886,671 and more than one-half the population of Michigan, or 5.5 million people, lived in the Detroit metropolitan area in 2000. During the 1970s the Detroit population declined by more than 20 percent; in the 1980s it lost 15 percent and in the 1990s another 7 percent. But the population loss in the central city was offset by growth in outlying parts of the metropolitan area. Grand Rapids had a population of 193,780 in 2005. Warren, a suburb of Detroit, had 135,311 residents. Flint, a center for automobile production, had 118,551. Lansing, the state capital, had 115,518. All these cities except Grand Rapids lost population during the 1990s.
The largest religious groups in Michigan are the Roman Catholics, the Baptists, the Lutherans, and the Methodists. The Seventh-Day Adventist Church has its major congregation in Battle Creek. The Reformed Church, introduced by the early Dutch colonists, and the Christian Reformed Church, founded in 1857, are strong in Kent and Ottawa counties. There are also small groups of Amish, Mennonites, and Mormons. The House of David is a religious colony founded at Benton Harbor in the early 20th century. There are many synagogues in Detroit, which is the center of Jewish life in Michigan. Michigan also has a large Muslim population, centered in the Detroit area, chiefly in and around Dearborn. "Michigan" © Emmanuel BUCHOT, Encarta, Wikipedia
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