General and specialized libraries are located in all the principal cities. The main reference collection is the Belgian National Library (1837) in Brussels, with some 5 million volumes. Large libraries are maintained by the universities of Ghent, Liège, and Leuven.
The Royal Museums of Fine Arts in Brussels include the Museum of Ancient Art, with collections of paintings, drawings, and sculptures from the 15th to the 18th centuries, and the Museum of Modern Art, with works from the 19th century to the present.
The Brussels house of Belgian architect Victor Horta, now a museum, exemplifies the turn-of-the-century art nouveau style. The Royal Institute for Natural Sciences in Brussels has an extensive paleontology collection.
The Royal Museum of Fine Arts in Antwerp is noted for its collection of paintings by Flemish painter Peter Paul Rubens. The Rubens House in Antwerp is also a museum. Museums in Brugge and Ghent have collections of early Flemish art, and Brugge has a museum devoted to the paintings of Hans Memling. "Belgium" © Emmanuel BUCHOT, Encarta, Wikipedia
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